Useful Links

Sisters 4 Sisters Network, Inc is a non-profit founded in 2002 to provide a platform for women to come together in a powerful networking environment and share their vision with like-minded women. As both the founders of Chase the Dream Culture, Arts & Beauty are members of this ever growing women’s networking group of over 500 members, the two organizations work in close collaboration.  


Music, made by man for man, is a constituent element of culture. Ethno-musicology is a discipline of studying all kinds of music of the world in its socio-cultural context. It entails popular & urban music, gender and music, politics and music, economics of music, healing music, music and minorities, the effect of music on migration, the Diaspora and role of music in religious life.

This segment acquaints you with a female ethno-musicologist, Timkehet Teffera Mekonnen (PhD), who has conducted a large number of ethno-musicological studies in since 1998. Her extensive studies, published as books / articles, have contributed towards promoting the music cultures of a various communities, such as the Nymang, Baganda, Basoga, Wasambaa, Giriama, Digo, Harari, Tigray, Amhara, Oromo, Shinasha, Berta, Mao, Komo, Gumuz, Maale and the Ari inhabiting Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya and Ethiopia. Dr. Teferra studied at the Humboldt University of Berlin (1988-1999) and obtained her BA and MA degrees in 1994, followed by her PhD in 1999. She was fellow of the German Research Association (DFG) (2014 – 2017), affiliated to the Martin-Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (MLU). Timkehet Teffera is an active member of the International Council for Traditional Music (ITCM) and The Society for Ethnomusicology (SEM). Even though all her scientific publication are uploaded at Academia’s website ( or Google: Timkehet Teffera Mekonnen), below are links to very few. 

Research Links: 
The Masinqo: Its Meaning, Role and its Multi-Functionality in Song and Dance. STUDIA INSTRUMENTORUM MUSICAE POPULARIS IV (New Series). pp. 295-316
እንደየሩሳሌም [Ǝndä Ǝyärusalem]: Honoring Music Legend Asnaketch Worku. Musika, Journal of the Academy of Music in Sarajevo, Volume XVIII No. 1, 2014: 55-78.
Religious Praise Poetry and Musical Rhetoric: The Ethiopian Mänzuma. Maqām Traditions between Theory and Contemporary Music Making, ed. Jürgen Elsner, Gisa Jähnichen, and Cenk Güray, Pan Publishing, Istambul 2016: 301-324 
Joyful Boys Singing Hoya Hoye: Biblical, Social, Cultural Connotations and Symbolism of the Buhe Celebration in Ethiopia
Western Wind Instruments and the Development of Ethiopian Popular Music, 19th International Meeting of the ITCM Study Group on Folk Musical Instruments, Bamberg, In: STUDIA INSTRUMENTORUM MUSICAE POPULARIS III (New Series), Gisa Jähnichen (ed.), Monsenstein & Vannerdat, Münster, 2013; pp. 349-376
 The Six-Stringed Bowl Lyre Krar of Ethiopia and its Function as a Melody Instrument. STUDIA INSTRUMENTORUM MUSICAE POPULARIS II (New Series), pp. 269-286
Theory and Practice of Ethnological Researches on East African Traditional Musical Instruments: Case Study on the Bol Negero Aerophone Ensemble of the Berta People. Preserving creativity in music practice Gisa Jähnichen and Julia Chieng (editors). Universiti Putra Malaysia Press, Serdang 2011, pp. 13-48.
The Dilemma of the Uprooted: A Case Study of the Impact of Music on the Ethiopian Diaspora, In: Beiträge zur Geschichte, Religion und Kunst Äthiopiens, Band XI, 2011: 107-135
Ngoma drums and musical performances of the Wasamba in Tanzania. STUDIA INSTRUMENTORUM MUSICAE POPULARIS I (New Series), Gisa Jähnichen (editor), Verlagshaus Monsenstein und Vannerdat OHG Münster, 2009: 205-318
The One-Stringed Fiddle Masinqo: Its Function and Role in Contemporary Ethiopia and its Future: This article was originaly written in German language under the title: “Die Zukunft der Masinqo in Äthiopien [The Future of the Masinqo in Ethiopia]” and presented on the 14th ICTM Study Group of Folk Musical Instrument in Markneukirchen, 2000.

Krar is a six-stringed musical instrument (lyre), played solo or as core member of a cultural band in Ethiopia. Krar is played with left hand and tuned pentatonically. It shares similar feature with 8-stringed lyre endongo, of  the  Baganda people in Uganda. This website features a self-taught female krar player, who was inspired by a well-loved singer, krar player and actress, the late Asnakech Worku.  



Asnakech Worku (1935-2011)/Courtesy: A.Worku